Introduction To Logic And Critical Thinking Notes

Introduction To Logic And Critical Thinking Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Critical Thinking: Theory, Research, Practice, and Possibilities. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 2, 1988.

Kurfiss, Joanne Gainen

The formal development of critical thinking is discussed, and guidance is provided to help faculty insure that critical thinking becomes an integral part of learning. Theory, research, teaching practice, and college programs pertinent to the development and role of critical thinking are presented in order to show how educators have shaped educational settings to nurture the capacity and disposition to think critically. Eight sections include: (1) introduction (definitions, teaching critical thinking, and purpose of the report); (2) historical background (forerunners and relationship to the current scene); (3) informal logic: analysis and construction of arguments (formal and informal logic, critical thinking textbooks, and educational implications); (4) cognitive processes in critical thinking (assumptions, reasoning of novices and experts, and affective factors: curiosity and purpose); (5) developmental foundations of critical thinking (stages of intellectual development, differences between samples, and changing students’ beliefs about knowledge); (6) teaching critical thinking in the disciplines (teacher education, evaluation in critical thinking courses, and common features in critical thinking courses in the disciplines); (7) institutional issues and approaches (circular approaches, organizational strategies, and features of current programs); and (8) conclusion (needed research and support and dissemination). Contains about 300 references. (SM)

ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Reports, The George Washington University, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Dept. RC, Washington, DC 20036-1183 ($15.00).

Creative solutions agency Bridge 8 created these animations to offer a basic overview of critical thinking. The videos were designed for an audience of kids (Edit: Australian grades, not ages) 8-10, but they're handy for anyone who wants to brush up on their logic.

The first video (up top), provides an introduction to critical thinking and how we form judgments and opinions.

The second video introduces formal logic and explains logical fallacies.

The third video explains straw man arguments and false premises.

The fourth video reminds us to separate the person from the argument. That's always a tough one to remember in the moment.

Video five describes the gambler's fallacy, while acknowledging that the human brain is always looking for patterns. Not a bad way to warn kids off gambling.

The final video looks at the utility (and limits) of the precautionary principle and notes that theories do not mean "I reckon this is probably true." I wonder what they could possibly be referring to.

Welcome to the World’s Largest Critical Thinking Community

Welcome to the World’s Largest Critical Thinking Community

Welcome to the World’s Largest Critical Thinking Community

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